My Social Movements & Space Bibliography (January 2018)

So I did a thesis on social movements and space (in case you didn’t notice that it was kind of a topic on this blog), and as with every research document a good part of the job was to read a lot of things. And then I submitted it, defended it, and that was it (I’m working on publications though). Now I’m working on similar topics and reading/writing about new topics, including a discussion of the literature on social movements and space. And since, I assume, a lot of those who actually read the blog come because they intend to use what is in here for their own work at some point, I began thinking it might be useful to just hand the resources out and let you rummage through them as you feel. Which is a different exercise than the one I did in 2016 when I published the literature reviews I was doing for the thesis. So here it is: everything in my thesis related directly to this topic. In the coming weeks/months a Zotero repository with all the references present here will be uploaded and linked in this sentence, so don’t hesitate to check out the post regularly until a link has appeared in this foreword).

The Librarian, Guiseppe Arcimboldo (who is by the way and in all objectivity the best painter in the world, just stating a fact

Although my first ambition was just to dump the list of references here, no comments added, after doing the work of selecting it from the thesis’ list of references, I felt it needed at least a few explanations. Starting off with numbers: there are little less than 40 pages of references in my thesis. This list represents about a quarter of the references, the remainder (which you can find directly in the thesis, by the way) consisting in a variety of topics, mostly related to my field and general sociology and/or geography. There are three types of classifications here: some article are here, some articles are in bold, and some articles are marked with an asterisk*.

To begin with the obvious: some shit isn’t there. And some shit is there, but stands out. For example: Stéphanie Dechezelles and Maurice Olive’s edited volume Politisation du Proche isn’t there, but Diana Allan’s Refugees of the Revolution is. Similarly, you might have written on the topic and find that your article isn’t included. The fault is entirely mine: first this is the state of the references in my PhD thesis as of January 2018. I would include more stuff today, because I have found out about it since then (from the top of my head: everything I read on patrimonialisation would make the list I believe), or because it has been published since then (that’s why Dechezelles and Olive’s work, which I was aware of at the time but was published in 2019, didn’t make the cut). And then there’s the work I was aware of but didn’t end up quoting in the thesis (Roger Gould’s Insurgent Identities will stand out here). Having had the occasion to work with Fabrice Ripoll since September 2018 in particular has made a lot of stuff visible to me, that wasn’t before. So there will be some catching up to do. More interesting maybe is the stuff that is there but doesn’t really seem to belong. As I was going through my list, I found out that many references kind of had to do with the topic but not directly while still doing a good read if you’re interested in such matters. It can be because, in my humble opinion, they are doing social movements and space and just don’t say they are. Take Nina Elisaoph’s Avoiding Politics: a huge part of its argument could be summed up as “Local problems spawn collective action but the effects of place-nested social networks and the definition of micro-local arenas of interactions will influence collective framing processes toward a depoliticised style of public expression”. Which falls directly into the “Why do people care about local problems?” discussion. But enlightening as she may be Eliasoph does not pretend to work on social movements, and she does not explicitely talk about geographical matters. Still, I think she’s interesting. Another big part of the literature which falls under that umbrella is the discussion on transnationalisation, see Sikking, Grojean, and McAdam here, for example. Transnationalisation is absolutely about space, but was rarely conceptualised as such by political scientists. And still it matters. Grojean’s definition of locales interacting together is prime material here, I highly recommend it. Outlandish inclusion can also be caused by the fact that the specific discussion the authors engage with is important if you are going to work on social movements and space: “Human Geography Without Scale”, which sparkled a debate on whether geographers should get rid of scale altogether or not, is a very good example of that. So is Jean-Noël Retière’s argument about how autochtnony becomes a resource to working-class people in France. At the end of the day, therefore, the list has its limits and these limits are caused by arbitrary decisions, time (and place!) contingency, and my own general incompetence in many matters scientific. All I can say is: I tried.

The asterisk* marks articles and books that, to my knowledge, actively seek to do social movements and space, in one way or another. I have several criteria to determine that, both subjective and objective: expressing this intent is important, quoting both geography and political sociology too, using the topics and objects of both disciplines, but also being in the sub-field’s universe of references (both quoting texts that help define this field and being quoted by such texts). This judgement was quickly made and I as a person am fallible, so the classification may seem outlandish to knowledgeable people. For example the choice to include Manuel Castell’s The City and the Grassroots may raise an eyebrow, and I can only agree with such an eyevrow-rising: Manuel Castells barely talks of geography in the book, does not actually try to discuss social movement literature, and has not been included into the conversation afterwards, except maybe by mobilising the “Grassroots” buzzword which he contributed to popularise. Still the book does talk of mobilisations, and space, even though he doesn’t really seem to notice it. But most of the asterisked articles have been pretty explicit about what they were trying to do, so looking at them will give you a pretty good insight of the discussion within the sub-field.

Of course, not all of the 104 references I put here marked me in a similar manner: I have forgotten the content of a lot of it, and a big part of the reference list is almost as much here to show I did my reading as it is to discuss actual contents. I decided to mark the references that marked me the most by putting them in bold. These are the articles and books I would spontaneously bring up the quickest if I were to discuss such matters. It doesn’t mean that they are the most interesting objectively speaking. They simply just marked me at some point and I have therefore spent more time with them. So if your work is listed here and not in bold, it’s probably my fault rather than yours. To be honest some of the work that marked me I ended up disagreeing with (I have for example serious issues with Asef Bayat’s concept of “social nonmovements” and his argument that these are the prime source of political change in the Middle East and North Africa region, but his book Life as Politics remains essential to me and I believe it is overall a very good read).

And with all that being said, here’s the list:

Abou Zaki, Hala Caroline. 2013. ‘Revisiting Politics in Spaces beyond the Centre : The Case of the Shatila Palestinian Refugee Camp in Lebanon’. Pp. 178–95 in Local politics and contemporary transformations in the Arab world : governance beyond the center, Governance and limited statehood series, edited by M. Bouziane, C. Harders, and A. Hoffmann. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire ; New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Achilli, L. 2014. ‘Disengagement from Politics: Nationalism, Political Identity, and the Everyday in a Palestinian Refugee Camp in Jordan’. Critique of Anthropology 34(2):234–57.

Achilli, Luigi. 2015. Palestinian Refugees and Identity: Nationalism, Politics and the Everyday.

Adams, John S. 1973. ‘The Geography of Riots and Civil Disorder in the 1960s’. Pp. 542–64 in Geography and contemporary issues: studies of relevant problems, edited by M. Albaum. New York: Wiley.

Aït-Aoudia, Myriam, Mounia Bennani-Chraïbi, and Jean-Gabriel Contamin. 2010. ‘Contribution à une histoire sociale de la conception lagroyenne de la politisation’. Critique internationale 48(3):207.

Aït-Aoudia, Myriam, Mounia Bennani-Chraïbi, and Jean-Gabriel Contamin. 2011. ‘Indicateurs et vecteurs de la politisation des individus : les vertus heuristiques du croisement des regards’. Critique internationale (50):9–20.

Allan, Diana. 2014. Refugees of the Revolution: Experiences of Palestinian Exile. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

*Alviso-Marino, Anahi. 2016. ‘Faire d’un Lieu Un Symbole Politique, La Photographie Engagée Sur La Place Du Changement à Sanaa’. Pp. 36–70 in Les lieux de la colère: occuper l’espace pour contester, de Madrid à Sanaa, edited by H. Combes, D. Garibay, and C. Goirand. Paris: Karthala.

Atkinson, Rob. 2000. ‘Narratives of Policy: The Construction of Urban Problems and Urban Policy in the Official Discourse of British Government 1968–1998’. Critical Social Policy 20(2):211–32.

*Auyero, Javier. 2005. ‘L’espace des luttes: Topographie des mobilisations collectives’. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 160(5):122.

Auyero, Javier, Pablo Lapegna, and Fernanda Page Poma. 2009. ‘Patronage Politics and Contentious Collective Action: A Recursive Relationship’. Latin American Politics and Society 51(3):1–31.

Auyero, Javier and Débora Alejandra Swistun. 2009. Flammable: Environmental Suffering in an Argentine Shantytown. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

*Badimon, Montserrat Emperador. 2011. ‘Unemployed Moroccan University Graduates and Strategies for “Apolitical” Mobilisation’. Pp. 129–48 in Social movements, mobilization, and contestation in the Middle East and North Africa, edited by J. Beinin and F. Vairel. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.

Bandy, Joe and Jennifer Mendez. 2003. ‘A Place of Their Own? Women Organizers in the *Maquilas of Nicaragua and Mexico’. Mobilization: An International Quarterly 8(2):173–188.

Banerjee, Subhabrata Bobby. 2011. ‘Voices of the Governed: Towards a Theory of the Translocal’. Organization 18(3):323–44.

Barbe, Frédéric. 2016. ‘La « zone à défendre » de Notre-Dame-des-Landes ou l’habiter comme politique’. Norois. Environnement, aménagement, société (238–239):109–30.

Bayat, Asef. 2013. Life as Politics How Ordinary People Change the Middle East. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press. Retrieved 1 June 2016 (

Bayat, Asef. 1997. Street Politics: Poor People’s Movements in Iran. New York: Columbia University Press.

Beaulieu, Elsa. 2007. ‘Échelles et lieux de l’action collective dans la Marche mondiale des femmes au Brésil’. Lien social et Politiques (58):119–32.

Beinin, Joel and Frédéric Vairel. 2011b. ‘The Middle East and North Africa Beyond Classical Social Movement Theory’. Pp. 1–29 in Social movements, mobilization, and contestation in the Middle East and North Africa, edited by J. Beinin and F. Vairel. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press. Retrieved 22 July 2016 (

Benford, Robert D. 1997. ‘An Insider’s Critique of the Social Movement Framing Perspective’. Sociological Inquiry 67(4):409–430.

Briquet, Jean-Louis and Frédéric Sawicki. 1989. ‘L’analyse localisée du politique’. Politix 2(7):6–16.

Brun, Cathrine. 2001. ‘Reterritorializing the Relationship between People and Place in Refugee Studies’. Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography 83(1):15–25.

Candea, Matei. 2011. ‘“Our Division of the Universe”: Making a Space for the Non-Political in the Anthropology of Politics’. Current Anthropology 52(3):309–34.

*Carter, Neal. 2003. ‘Political Identity, Territory, and Institutional Change: The Case of Belgium’. Mobilization: An International Quarterly 8(2):205–220.

*Castells, Manuel. 1983. The City and the Grassroots: A Cross-Cultural Theory of Urban Social Movements. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Cefaï, Daniel. 1999. Making Sense of Politics in Public Spaces: The Phenomenology of Political Experiences and Activities. Springer. Retrieved 23 May 2016 (

*Cefaï, Daniel and Claudette Lafaye. 2001. ‘Lieux et Moments d’une Mobilisation Collective : Le Cas d’une Association de Quartier’. Pp. 195–228 in Les formes de l’action collective: mobilisations dans des arènes publiques, Raisons pratiques, edited by D. Cefaï and D. Trom. Paris: Editions de l’Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales.

*Chabert, Jean-Baptiste. 2016. ‘L’action foncière : une ressource pour des mobilisations riveraines: L’exemple de la requalification patrimoniale d’un lieu de conflits dans la presqu’île de Saint- Tropez’. Norois (238–239):43–58.

*Claeys, Cécilia, Arlette Hérat, Carole Barthélémy, and Valérie Deldrève. 2016. ‘Quand les Calanques deviennent Parc National : disputes autour de la définition et de la répartition des efforts environnementaux et urbains induits’. Norois (238–239):71–84.

*Combes, Hélène, David Garibay, and Camille Goirand, eds. 2016. Les lieux de la colère: occuper l’espace pour contester, de Madrid à Sanaa. Paris; Aix-en-Provence: Editions Karthala ; Sciences Po Aix.

Dechezelles, Stéphanie. 2012. ‘Quand la politique se (dé)masque : le carnaval de Limoux (Aude)’. Pp. 69–86 in La politique sans en avoir l’air: aspects de la politique informelle, XIXe-XXIe siècle, edited by L. Le Gall, M. Offerlé, and F. Ploux. Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes.

*Dechezelles, Stéphanie and Maurice Olive. 2016. ‘Introduction, Lieux familiers, lieux disputés – dynamiques des mobilisations localisées’. Norois (238–239):7–21.

*Demko, George, Virginia Sharp, Jacque Harper, and Carl Youngmann. 1973. ‘Student Disturbances and Campus Unrest in the United States: 1964-1970’. Pp. 533–41 in Geography and contemporary issues: studies of relevant problems, edited by M. Albaum. New York: Wiley.

Dufour, Pascale and Renaud Goyer. 2009. ‘Analyse de la transnationalisation de l’action collective: Proposition pour une géographie des solidarités transnationales’. Sociologie et sociétés 41(2):111.

Duncan, James S. 1989. ‘The Power of Place in Kandy, Sri Lanka: 1780-1980’. P. 231 in The Power of place : bringing together geographical and sociological imaginations, edited by J. A. Agnew and J. S. Duncan. Boston: Unwin Hyman.

Eliasoph, Nina. 1998. Avoiding Politics: How Americans Produce Apathy in Everyday Life. Cambridge, U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 23 August 2016 (

Eliasoph, Nina. 1997. ‘“Close to Home”: The Work of Avoiding Politics’. Theory and Society 26(5):605–647.

Eliasoph, Nina. 1990. ‘Political Culture and the Presentation of a Political Self’. Theory and Society 19(4):465–494.

Evans, Sara M. and Harry C. Boyte. 1992. Free Spaces: The Sources of Democratic Change in America. University of Chicago Press.

Fainstein, Susan and Clifford Hirst. 1995. ‘Urban Social Movements’. Pp. 181–204 in Theories of urban politics, edited by D. Judge, G. Stoker, and H. Wolman. London; Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.

Farah, Randa. 2009. ‘Refugee Camps in the Palestinian and Sahrawi National Liberation Movements: A Comparative Perspective’. Journal of Palestine Studies 38(2):76–93.

Gay, Robert. 1998. ‘Rethinking Clientelism: Demands, Discourses and Practices in Contemporary Brazil’. Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y Del Caribe / European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies (65):7–24.

*Geoffray, Marie Laure. 2016. ‘La Rue Cubaine. Entre Répression, Médiatisation et Transnationalisation’. Pp. 71–94 in Les lieux de la colère: occuper l’espace pour contester, de Madrid à Sanaa, edited by H. Combes, D. Garibay, and C. Goirand. Paris: Karthala.

*Gieryn, Thomas F. 2000. ‘A Space for Place in Sociology’. Annual Review of Sociology 26(1):463–96.

Giraut, Frédéric and Myriam Houssay-Holzschuch. 2016. ‘Place Naming as Dispositif: Toward a Theoretical Framework’. Geopolitics 21(1):1–21.

Goirand, Camille. 1999. ‘“Philanthropes” en concurrence dans les favelas de Rio – Persée’. Critique internationale 4(1):155–67.

Gombin, Joël. 2014. ‘Contextualiser sans faire de l’espace un facteur autonome. La modélisation multiniveau comme lieu de rencontre entre sociologie et géographie électorales’. L’Espace Politique. Revue en ligne de géographie politique et de géopolitique (23). Retrieved 7 July 2016 (

Grojean, Olivier. 2008. ‘La Cause Kurde, de La Turquie Vers l’Europe. Contribution à Une Sociologie de La Transnationalisation Des Mobilisations’. EHESS, Paris.

*Guidry, John. 2003. ‘Trial by Space: The Spatial Politcs Of Citizenship And Social Movements In Urban Brazil’. Mobilization: An International Quarterly 8(2):189–204.

*Gunning, Jeroen and Ilan Zvi Baron. 2014. Why Occupy a Square?: People, Protests and Movements in the Egyptian Revolution.

Hamidi, Camille. 2006. ‘Éléments pour une approche interactionniste de la politisation: Engagement associatif et rapport au politique dans des associations locales issues de l’immigration’. Revue française de science politique 56(1):5.

Hamidi, Camille. 2003. ‘Voluntary Associations of Migrants and Politics: The Case of North African Immigrants in France’. Immigrants & Minorities 22(2–3):317–32.

Harders, Cilja. 2013. ‘Bringing the Local Back in: Politics between Informalization and Mobilization in an Age of Transformation in Egypt’. Pp. 113–36 in Local politics and contemporary transformations in the Arab world: governance beyond the center, edited by M. Bouziane, C. Harders, and A. Hoffmann.

Hassan, Ismael Sheikh and Sari Hanafi. 2010. ‘(In)Security and Reconstruction in Post-Conflict Nahr Al-Barid Refugee Camp’. Journal of Palestine Studies 40(1):27–48.

Hilgers, M. 2011. ‘Autochthony as Capital in a Global Age’. Theory, Culture & Society 28(1):34–54.

*Hmed, Choukri. 2008. ‘Des mouvements sociaux « sur une tête d’épingle » ?’ Politix (84):145–65.

*Hmed, Choukri. 2009. ‘Espace géographique et mouvements sociaux’. in Dictionnaire des mouvements sociaux, edited by O. Fillieule, L. Mathieu, and C. Péchu. Paris: Presses de Sciences Po.

Hochschild, Thomas R. 2010. ‘“Our Club”: Place-Work and the Negotiation of Collective Belongingness’. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 39(6):619–45.

Issa, Perla. 2014. ‘Palestinian Political Factions: An Everyday Perspective’. University of Exeter, Exeter.

Keck, Margaret E. and Kathryn Sikkink. 1998. Activists beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

*Kernalegenn, Tudi. 2016. ‘L’inscription Spatiale d’une Grève Ouvrière En Bretagne. Le Joint Français, Saint-Brieuc, 1972’. Pp. 95–118 in Les lieux de la colère: occuper l’espace pour contester, de Madrid à Sanaa, edited by H. Combes, D. Garibay, and C. Goirand. Paris: Karthala.

Khalili, Laleh. 2004. ‘Grass-Roots Commemorations: Remembering the Land in the Camps of Lebanon’. Journal of Palestine Studies 34(1):6–22.

Kriesi, Hanspeter. 2004. ‘Political Context and Opportunity’. Pp. 67–90 in The Blackwell Companion to Social Movements, edited by D. A. Snow, S. A. Soule, and H. Kriesi. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 12 July 2016 (

*Ku, Agnes Shuk-mei. 2012. ‘Remaking Places and Fashioning an Opposition Discourse: Struggle over the Star Ferry Pier and the Queen’s Pier in Hong Kong’. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 30(1):5–22.

Lafaye, Claudette and Laurent Thévenot. 1993. ‘Une Justification Écologique?: Conflits Dans l’aménagement de La Nature’. Revue Française de Sociologie 495–524.

Malkki, Liisa. 1992. ‘National Geographic: The Rooting of Peoples and the Territorialization of National Identity among Scholars and Refugees’. Cultural Anthropology 7(1):24–44.

Marston, Sallie A., John Paul Jones, and Keith Woodward. 2005. ‘Human Geography without Scale’. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 30(4):416–32.

*Martin, Deborah and Byron Miller. 2003. ‘Space and Contentious Politics’. Mobilization: An International Quarterly 8(2):143–156.

Martin, Diana. 2015. ‘From Spaces of Exception to “Campscapes”: Palestinian Refugee Camps and Informal Settlements in Beirut’. Political Geography 44:9–18.

Mathieu, Lilian. 2002. ‘Rapport au politique, dimensions cognitives et perspectives pragmatiques dans l’analyse des mouvements sociaux’. Revue française de science politique 52(1):75–100.

McAdam, Doug. 1982. Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930-1970. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

*McFarlane, Colin. 2009. ‘Translocal Assemblages: Space, Power and Social Movements’. Geoforum 40(4):561–67.

*Miller, Byron A. 2000. Geography and Social Movements: Comparing Antinuclear Activism in the Boston Area. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

*Nez, Héloïse. 2016. ‘Délibérer En Plein Air, Analyse Spatiale Des Assemblées Des Indignados à Madrid’. Pp. 194–216 in Les lieux de la colère: occuper l’espace pour contester, de Madrid à Sanaa, edited by H. Combes, D. Garibay, and C. Goirand. Paris: Karthala.

*Oslender, Ulrich. 2004. ‘Fleshing out the Geographies of Social Movements: Colombia’s Pacific Coast Black Communities and the “Aquatic Space”’. Political Geography 23(8):957–85.

*Oslender, Ulrich. 2016. The Geographies of Social Movements: Afro-Colombian Mobilization and the Aquatic Space. Durham: Duke University Press.

Painter, Joe. 1995. Politics, Geography and Political Geography: Critical Approach. Edward Arnold.

Pinçon, Michel and Monique Pinçon-Charlot. 2010. Les ghettos du Gotha: au cœur de la grande bourgeoisie. Paris: Éditions du Seuil.

Polletta, Francesca. 1999. ‘“Free Spaces” in Collective Action’. Theory and Society 28(1):1–38.

Ramadan, Adam. 2009a. ‘A Refugee Landscape: Writing Palestinian Nationalisms in Lebanon’. ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies 8(1):69–99.

Retière, Jean-Noël. 2003. ‘Autour de l’autochtonie. Réflexions sur la notion de capital social populaire’. Politix 16(63):121–43.

*Ripoll, Fabrice. 2012. ‘Attention, un espace peut en cacher un autre’. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 195(5):112.

*Ripoll, Fabrice. 2013. ‘Du « Rôle de l’espace » Aux Théories de « l’acteur » (Aller-Retour) : La Géographie à l’épreuve Des Mouvements Sociaux’. Pp. 193–210 in Penser et faire la géographie sociale : Contribution à une épistémologie de la géographie sociale, Géographie sociale, edited by R. Séchet and V. Veschambre. Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes.

*Ripoll, Fabrice. 2008. ‘Espaces et stratégies de résistance : répertoires d’action collective dans la France contemporaine, Abstract, Resumen’. Espaces et sociétés (134):83–97.

*Ripoll, Fabrice. 2005a. La Dimension Spatiale Des Mouvements Sociaux : Essais Sur La Géographie et l’action Collective Dans La France Contemporaine à Partir Des Mouvements de ‘Chômeurs’ et ‘Altermondialistes’. Caen. Retrieved 1 November 2016 (

*Ripoll, Fabrice. 2005b. ‘S’approprier l’espace… ou contester son appropriation ?: Une vue des mouvements sociaux contemporains’. Norois (195):29–42.

*Rivière, Jean. 2016. ‘Clore un conflit d’aménagement par le vote ? Note sur la géographie électorale de la consultation sur l’aéroport de Notre-Dame-des-Landes’. Norois (238–239):147–59.

*Routledge, Paul. 1997. ‘A Spatiality of Resistance, Theory and Practice in Nepal’s Revolution of 1990’. Pp. 68–86 in Geographies of resistance, edited by S. Pile and M. Keith. London ; New York: Routledge.

*Routledge, Paul. 1994. ‘Backstreets, Barricades, and Blackouts: Urban Terrains of Resistance in Nepal’. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 12(5):559–78.

*Routledge, Paul. 1993. Terrains of Resistance: Nonviolent Social Movements and the Contestation of Place in India. Westport, Conn: Praeger Publishers.

*Sewell, William H. Jr. 2001. ‘Space in Contentious Politics’. Pp. 51–88 in Silence and Voice in the Study of Contentious Politics, Cambridge Studies in Contentious Politics, edited by R. Aminzade et al. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved (

*Sharp, Virginia. 1973. ‘The 1970 Postal Strikes: The Behavioral Element in Spatial Diffusion’. Pp. 523–32 in Geography and contemporary issues: studies of relevant problems, edited by M. Albaum. New York: Wiley.

Tarrow, Sidney and Doug McAdam. 2005. ‘Scale Shift in Transnational Activism’. Pp. 121–47 in Transnational protest and global activism, edited by D. Della Porta and S. Tarrow. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Taylor, Verta. 1989. ‘Social Movement Continuity: The Women’s Movement in Abeyance’. American Sociological Review 54(5):761.

Thévenot, Laurent, Michael Moody, and Claudette Lafaye. 2000. ‘Forms of Valuing Nature: Arguments and Modes of Justification in French and American Environmental Disputes’. in Rethinking comparative cultural sociology, Cambridge Cultural Social Studies. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved (

*Tilly, Charles. 2003. ‘Contention over Space and Place’. Mobilization: An International Quarterly 8(2):221–225.

*Tilly, Charles. 2000. ‘Spaces of Contention’. Mobilization: An International Quarterly 5(2):135–159.

*Tonnelat, Stéphane. 2016. ‘La Carrière d’un Interstice Urbain à New York, Deux Rôles Disyincts de l’espace Dans Les Mobilisations Autour d’un Projet d’aménagement’. Pp. 241–64 in Les lieux de la colère: occuper l’espace pour contester, de Madrid à Sanaa, edited by H. Combes, D. Garibay, and C. Goirand. Paris: Karthala.

Trom, Danny. 1999. ‘De la réfutation de l’effet NIMBY considérée comme une pratique militante. Notes pour une approche pragmatique de l’activité revendicative’. Revue française de science politique 49(1):31–50.

Vairel, Frédéric and Lamia Zaki. 2011. ‘Politisation sous contrainte et politisation de la contrainte : outsiders politiques et outsiders de la ville au Maroc’. Critique internationale (50):91–108.

*Weisbein, Julien. 2016. ‘Défendre le littoral en croisant les expertises: Le cas des Gardiens de la côte’. Norois (238–239):97–108.

*Wolford, Wendy. 2003. ‘Families, Fields, and Fighting for Land: The Spatial Dynamics of Contention in Rural Brazil’. Mobilization: An International Quarterly 8(2):157–172.

*Zhao, Dingxin. 1998. ‘Ecologies of Social Movements: Student Mobilization during the 1989 Prodemocracy Movement in Beijing1’. American Journal of Sociology 103(6):1493–1529.

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